Greenhouse gases (GHGs), including carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O), absorb radiation from the sun and trap heat in the atmosphere, effectively acting like a greenhouse or a layer of insulation for Earth. In Canada, 10% of GHG emissions are from crop and livestock production, excluding emissions from the use of fossil fuels or from fertilizer production. In Prince Edward Island, this number increases to 23% of GHG emissions. Of these emissions, crop production represents the primary source of GHG emissions, largely from nitrous oxide emissions arising from the use of synthetic fertilizers, and CO2 release from tillage operations. While crop production is a source of GHG emissions, there are effective strategies to reduce emissions without adversely impacting farm profits. Furthermore, cropland is a potential sink for carbon dioxide, in the form of soil organic matter.
Prerequisite (Recommended): ClimateSmart Agriculture: Fundamentals
Microcredentials in this series:
By the end of this training, learners will develop farm-specific strategies for a crop production operation that reduces GHG emissions and increases carbon sequestration.
The assessment for this microcredential will require learners to build upon the strategies developed in the Climate Smart Agriculture Fundamentals microcredential with strategies specific to a crop production operation, including:
To develop competency, learners will:
This microcredential introduces the main sources of GHG emissions in cropping systems (tillage, nutrient management and pest management) and will assist learners in identifying cropland management practices to reduce GHG emissions and sequester carbon. Based on current research and best practices, learners will develop farm-specific strategies for their crop operation that reduce GHG emissions and increase carbon sequestration.